‘Cruel and unusual punishment’: an inter-jurisdictional study of the criminalisation of young people with complex support needs – 2018

Although several criminologists and social scientists have drawn attention to the high rates of mental and cognitive disability amongst populations of young people embroiled in youth justice systems, less attention has been paid to the ways in which young people with disability are disproportionately exposed to processes of criminalisation and

0 comments

‘I’m not getting out of bed!’ The criminalisation of young people in residential care – 2018

Evidence from both Australian and international jurisdictions show that children in residential care are over-represented in the criminal justice system. In the current study, we interviewed 46 professionals who had contact with young people in residential care settings in New South Wales, Australia. Our sample included police officers, residential care

0 comments

“They’re just made up different”: Juvenile correctional staff perceptions of incarcerated boys and girls [2018]

Highlights•Juvenile correctional staff characterize incarcerated boys and girls differently. •Boys were described as reticent to open up while girls were seen as eager to talk. •Unlike boys, staff felt girls actively engaged with and sought attention from them. •Girls were viewed as responding more forcefully to conflicts with staff than

0 comments

“We all Come Together to Learn About Music”: A Qualitative Analysis of a 5-Year Music Program in a Juvenile Detention Facility [2018]

The purpose of this long-term qualitative study was to uncover evidence that might support components of positive youth development (PYD) in a music composition program at an urban youth detention center. The constructs of PYD come from self-determination theory—competence, autonomy, and relatedness—and formed the theoretical lens from which the data

0 comments

A Family Experience of Youth Justice – Redesigning Responsive Approaches with New Guides and a New Forensic Model for Youth Justice – 2015-11-17

This panel discussion will frame challenges and provide solutions to issues faced by mental health addictions, and justice sectors in addressing the needs, and enabling the strengths of young people under 18-years-of-age and their families. Through discussion of a family’s experience, and the service system response, we identify key needed resources and

0 comments

A Qualitative Analysis of Family Perspective on Treatment Services for Youths with Problematic Sexual Behavior [2018]

The key to efficacious intervention for youths with problematic sexual behavior (PSB) is direct caregiver involvement. Engaging families in treatment for youths PSB has unique complexities beyond known challenges with behavioral health treatment overall. Qualitative research with youths and caregivers in treatment for PSB complements clinical outcome research by examining

0 comments

A retrospective analysis of boarding times for adolescents in psychiatric crisis – 2018

The boarding of children and adolescents with identified psychiatric conditions at medical facilities has numerous negative effects on the patients and the systems that treat them. Efforts to minimize boarding times serves to increase patients’ access to appropriate levels of care, redirect medical resources to patients who need them most,

0 comments

A retrospective analysis of boarding times for adolescents in psychiatric crisis – 2018-02

The boarding of children and adolescents with identified psychiatric conditions at medical facilities has numerous negative effects on the patients and the systems that treat them. Efforts to minimize boarding times serves to increase patients’ access to appropriate levels of care, redirect medical resources to patients who need them most,

0 comments

A Unique Model for Adolescent Addiction Treatment: A Description of the Alberta Adolescent Recovery Centre [2017]

Objectives: Substance use disorders among adolescents are a serious concern in both the United States and Canada. In recent years, strides have been made in our understanding of how to effectively treat these disorders. However, there remains a need to understand how successful treatment approaches for adolescents can be integrated

0 comments

Acceptance of Online Health Services for Self-Help in the Context of Mental Health: Understanding Young Adults’ Experiences – 2018-02

This article explores the understanding of the acceptance of online health services from a self-help perspective in the context of mental health. By examining the experiences of young adults, this article develops a framework to leverage the current understanding of the factors that would support the acceptance and use of

0 comments

Adolescent and Young Adult Male Mental Health: Transforming System Failures Into Proactive Models of Engagement – 2018-03

Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women,

0 comments

Adolescent construction of mental illness: implication for engagement and treatment [2018]

Aims Understanding how adolescents perceive mental illness is important for clinicians wishing to improve engagement, and for the development of educational programmes and health‐behaviour directed policies. The current research aimed to develop a preliminary model of how adolescents perceive mental illness and construct their understanding of mental health. Method Forty‐six

0 comments

Adolescents in Secure Accommodation in Scotland: Exposure and Impact of Traumatic Events [2018]

The current study sought, for the first time, to assess the nature of trauma exposure and resultant symptoms in adolescents (n = 17) in secure accommodation in Scotland. A case study mixed methods design involved analysis of case files, trauma history interviews, and standardized trauma symptom questionnaires with adolescents and

0 comments

Adverse childhood experiences in a South Australian sample of young people in detention [2018]

Empirical knowledge about the prevalence and interrelatedness of adverse childhood experiences in young people involved in youth justice systems in Australia is limited. This study examined the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in a sample of young people who were detained in youth justice services in South Australia. It also

0 comments

Aggressive and stressed? Youth’s aggressive behaviors in light of their internet use, sensation seeking, stress and social feelings [2017]

Highlights• Being a male, neglect, disinhibition, loneliness contributed to physical aggression. • Age, shyness (inversely), neglect, stress, boredom were related to verbal aggression. • Obsessive internet use, disinhibition, stress, loneliness were associated with anger. Abstract Aggressive behavior and its consequences are a serious mental health problem for youth all over the world. In

0 comments

Aggressive Behaviors and Suicide Ideation in Inpatient Adolescents: The Moderating Roles of Internalizing Symptoms and Stress [2018]

The present study examined a conceptual model in which the association between aggressive behaviors and suicide ideation is moderated by internalizing symptoms and ongoing stress. Participants were 304 psychiatric inpatient adolescents (65.8% girls) ranging in age from 12 to 17 years (Mean age = 14.69). The association between aggressive behaviors

0 comments

Aggressive Incidents in Residential Youth Care – 2018

It is assumed that group climate can have an effect on aggressive behavior in adolescents living in residential facilities, but it is largely unknown whether there are climate differences between the various types of residential institutions, and whether group climate differently affects aggression incidents among adolescents placed in institutions that

0 comments

Aggressive Incidents in Residential Youth Care [2018]

It is assumed that group climate can have an effect on aggressive behavior in adolescents living in residential facilities, but it is largely unknown whether there are climate differences between the various types of residential institutions, and whether group climate differently affects aggression incidents among adolescents placed in institutions that

0 comments

Aggressive Male Juvenile Offenders with Callous-Unemotional Traits Show Aberrant Attentional Orienting to Distress Cues – 2018

Antisocial youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits exhibit a pattern of severe and persistent conduct problems and deficits in emotional processing that parallels adults with psychopathy. Aberrant emotional attention, particularly among individuals high on aggression, constitutes one such deficit; however, its robustness across race/ethnicity requires further investigation given findings that the

0 comments

Aging out or continuing on? Exploring strategies to prepare marginalized youth for a transition to recovery in adulthood [2018]

Objective: This study aimed to improve our understanding of how to best assist marginalized youth during their transition to adulthood, and how to provide them services that help them achieve independence within existing public systems of care. Method: Using purposive sampling methods, 17 direct service providers and supervisors of a

0 comments

An Emotion Regulation Treatment for Young People With Complex Substance Use and Mental Health Issues: A Case-Series Analysis [2018]

Highlights • Young people seeking treatment for AoD issues present with complex patterns of mental health and substance use comorbidity. • Treatments which target emotion regulation have the potential to address the complex needs of this cohort. • An emotion regulation intervention was piloted with a cohort of young adults in a residential

0 comments

An Examination of Parental and Peer Influence on Substance Use and Criminal Offending During the Transition From Adolescence to Adulthood – 2018

Although peer behavior and parent–child conflict have been associated with adolescent and young adults’ behavior, prior studies have not adequately controlled for selection effects and other confounders, or examined whether associations change across the transition to adulthood or by race. Using annual data from men followed from age 17 to

0 comments

An Examination of Parental and Peer Influence on Substance Use and Criminal Offending During the Transition From Adolescence to Adulthood [2018]

Although peer behavior and parent–child conflict have been associated with adolescent and young adults’ behavior, prior studies have not adequately controlled for selection effects and other confounders, or examined whether associations change across the transition to adulthood or by race. Using annual data from men followed from age 17 to

0 comments

An Examination of the Criminological Consequences and Correlates of Remorselessness During Adolescence – 2018

Warr recently proposed that remorselessness may offer a useful explanation for understanding persistence and desistance from criminal offending. While early empirical evidence supports this framework, not only is replication needed but there is also a need to consider potential determinants of remorselessness. Using data from the Study of Early Child

0 comments

An examination of the interaction between morality and self‐control in offending: A study of differences between girls and boys – 2018

Background There is a well‐documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however, on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly. Aims Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our

0 comments