“Just as Canadian as Anyone Else”? Experiences of Second-Class Citizenship and the Mental Health of Young Immigrant and Refugee Men in Canada – 2017

In recent years, the experiences of immigrant and refugee young men have drawn attention worldwide. Human-induced environmental disasters, local and global conflicts, and increasingly inequitable distributions of wealth have shaped transnational migration patterns. Canada is home to a large immigrant and refugee population, particularly in its urban areas, and supporting

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A Literature Review on the Experience of Long-Term Mental Illness – 2018-02

Purpose: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. Design: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950–2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. Findings: Twenty-five research papers and nine

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A Review of Measures of Aggregate Mental Health Costs in Canada – 2018

Since 2000, 5 studies have been published that each purported to estimate aggregate national mental health costs in Canada. Each of these studies used a different method. Our aim was to compare the studies, and we created a framework for the different elements used to assess mental health costs (direct

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A Systematic Review of Interventions to Improve Initiation of Mental Health Care Among Racial-Ethnic Minority Groups – 2018

Objective: The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions to improve the initiation of mental health care among racial-ethnic minority groups. Methods: The authors searched three electronic databases in February 2016 and independently assessed eligibility of 2,065 titles and abstracts on the basis of three criteria: the study

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An investigation of predictors of mental health in single men and women experiencing homelessness in three Canadian cities – 2018

Homelessness is related to poorer mental health, yet, there is limited understanding of the predictors of mental health of men and women experiencing homelessness. To support service providers in identifying individuals who might be at particular risk of poor mental health, this study investigated the predictors of mental health in

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Applying a prevention framework to address homelessness as a population health issue [2018]

This paper presents a population health framework for homelessness prevention. Rooted in the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the framework includes strategies that affect social determinants of health that influence a broad range of health outcomes prevalent among the homeless. For each prevention level, we consider the purpose of prevention,

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Association between social support and mental health conditions in treatment-seeking Veterans and Canadian Armed Forces personnel – 2018

Introduction: Despite limited research on the topic, it has been observed that military members face unique challenges with social support. Methods: The current study used data provided by treatment-seeking Veterans and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members (N=666) to: (1) determine whether symptomatology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression (MDD), anxiety,

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Best Advice Guide: Social Determinants of Health – The College of Family Physicians of Canada – 2015-03

This practical guide provides family physicians with concrete steps on how to consider and improve patients’ social determinants of health (SDoH). The document provides a background on the social determinants of health, and a practical component with suggested clinical, community, and population-level interventions. Best Advice Guide: Social Determinants of Health

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Criminal history and social disadvantage as predictors of the severity of violent offending – 2018

Lethal violence is often seen as the tip of the iceberg and homicide perpetrators are seen as manifesting the most extreme number of various risk factors. This article explores whether that is the case. Using a unique data set combining data from several administrative registers with a nationally representative sample

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Declining mental health among disadvantaged Americans [2018]

Significance In the past few years, references to the opioid epidemic, drug poisonings, and associated feelings of despair among Americans, primarily working-class whites, have flooded the media, and related patterns of mortality have been of increasing interest to social scientists. Yet, despite recurring references to distress or despair in journalistic

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Does food security predict poor mental health? – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess food security as a risk factor in the development of poor mental health among younger populations in the USA over an eight-year period using a nationally representative cross-sectional sample. Design/methodology/approach Using data from individuals who participated in the National Health and

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Ex-Prisoners with Mental Illness, Substance Abuse Have 12-Fold Risk of Injury – 2018

People released from prison who struggle with both mental illness and substance use problems are 12 times more likely to sustain an injury compared to those in the general public, according to a new Australian study published in the journal The Lancet. Researcher Jesse Young from the Centre for Mental

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Experience of Child–Parent Separation and Later Risk of Violent Criminality [2018]

Introduction Separation from a parent during childhood has been linked with heightened longer-term violence risk, but it remains unclear how this relationship varies by gender, separation subgroup, and age at separation. This phenomenon was investigated by examining a wide array of child–parent separation scenarios. Methods National cohort study including individuals

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Factors Influencing Mental Health and Criminal Justice Involvement – Bridging the Gap Between Two Sectors by Addressing the Social Determinants of Health

Five social determinants of health (income and employment; housing; education; discrimination; and social inclusion) and how they impact mental health and criminal justice involvement will be outlined. Promising practices and an expert panel discussion on future opportunities for system change and next steps will follow with an opportunity for questions. Factors Influencing

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Five Challenges of Designing Disability Income Support for People with Mental Illnesses: A Qualitative Case Study of Australia and Ontario – 2018

In most disability income support (DIS) programs, mental illnesses is the fastest growing category of illness, but it is unknown how policy designers consider this vulnerable group. Forty-five DIS policy designers in Australia and Ontario explained how they consider mental illnesses when designing policy. Using a grounded theory approach, five

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Geographic Clustering of Admissions to Inpatient Psychiatry among Adults with Cognitive Disorders in Ontario, Canada: Does Distance to Hospital Matter? – 2018

Objective: This study examined relationships among hospital accessibility, socio-economic context, and geographic clustering of inpatient psychiatry admissions for adults with cognitive disorders in Ontario, Canada. Method: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted using admissions data from 71 hospitals with inpatient psychiatry beds in Ontario, Canada between 2011 and 2014. Data

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Health behind bars: can exploring the history of prison health systems impact future policy? – 2018

Highlights • The health of prison populations often represents ‘multi-dimensional disadvantage’. • Disease trends, societal attitudes and political forces influence prison healthcare. • Examining historical links between policy and health advances new thinking. • Greater familiarity with our shared history will promote ‘de-othering’ prisoners. Abstract “The value of history is,

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Health Care Utilization and Expenditures of Homeless Family Members Before and After Emergency Housing – 2018

Objectives. To describe longitudinal health service utilization and expenditures for homeless family members before and after entering an emergency shelter. Methods. We linked Massachusetts emergency housing assistance data with Medicaid claims between July 2008 and June 2015, constructing episodes of health care 12 months before and 12 months after families

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Homelessness as a predictor of mortality: an 11-year register-based cohort study – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the association between homelessness and psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders, on one hand, and cause-specific and all-cause mortality on the other in a high-income country. Methods A historical nationwide register-based cohort study of the Danish population from 15 years of

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In spite of the system: A qualitatively-driven mixed methods analysis of the mental health services experiences of LGBTQ people living in poverty in Ontario, Canada [2018]

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and/or queer (LGBTQ) people face barriers to accessing mental health care; however, we know little about service experiences of low income LGBTQ people. In this qualitatively-driven mixed methods study, over 700 women and/or trans people completed an internet survey, of whom 12 LGBTQ individuals living in

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Incidence and risk factors for mortality after release from prison in Australia: a prospective cohort study – 2018

Aims To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. Design Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. Setting Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. Participants Adults (n = 1320) recruited in Queensland prisons

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Living with psychosis: strategies and social conditions for recovery – 2018

The paper examines the often neglected, social factors implicated in recovery from severe mental distress, by presenting findings from a biographical study of individuals experiencing psychosis. Biographical interviews with 26 individuals with psychotic experiences and diagnosis of psychotic disorders were conducted and subjected to narrative biographical analysis. This paper focuses

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Mental Health Consultation Among Ontario’s Immigrant Populations [2018]

To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario’s adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined

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Mortality in schizophrenia: 30‐year nationwide follow‐up study [2018]

Objective Recent reports suggest that the mortality gap between persons with schizophrenia and the general population is increasing. We investigated the mortality, age at death, and causes of death among persons diagnosed with schizophrenia and the general population in Finland during 1984–2014. Methods All persons with schizophrenia in Finland were

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Ontario Poverty Reduction Strategy – Annual Report 2017

This report highlights our progress – and what we plan to do next – in our efforts to reduce child poverty, eliminate chronic homelessness, help people move towards employment, increase food security, develop an action plan for income security reform and invest in programs and community-designed solutions. Peter Milczyn Minister

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