Special Section: Current Topics in Corrections – Read More



‘A human rights issue’: Lack of treatment for drug users means deaths behind bars – CBC – 2018-04-03

Michelle McPherson’s son Curtis McGowan was rushed to the Guelph, Ont., hospital by paramedics after overdosing, where he was revived with the opioid-reversal drug naloxone. “The police were there to arrest him … because part of his probation is not using drugs,” she recalled. A month later, he was found

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‘Teabacco’: Smoking of nicotine‐infused tea as an unintended consequence of prison smoking bans [2018]

Introduction and Aims Following the introduction of smoke‐free policies in prisons in several countries, there have been anecdotal reports of prisoners creating cigarettes by mixing nicotine patches or lozenges with tea leaves (‘teabacco’). Among a sample of people recently released from smoke‐free prisons in Queensland, Australia, the aims of this

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‘The guy might not even be able to remember why he’s here and what he’s in here for and why he’s locked in’: residents and prison staff experiences of living and working alongside people with dementia who are serving prison sentences for a sexual offence [2018]

Prison staff and residents with sexual convictions, from two UK prisons, were interviewed to explore their understanding and experiences of dementia. The aim was to explore understanding and experiences of dementia in response to Governor-identified needs in the prisons. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 prisoners and 17 prison staff

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‘The prison don’t talk to you about getting out of prison’: On why prisons in England and Wales fail to rehabilitate prisoners [2018]

The position of rehabilitation in prisons in England and Wales has long been debated. Yet studies which consider how prisoners experience rehabilitative practices and processes are rare. Drawing on prisoners’ accounts, this article considers their perceptions and lived experiences of the ways in which rehabilitation is influenced by the nature

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‘The right way to be a woman’: Negotiating femininity in a prison-based drug treatment programme – 2017-12-22

Drawing from an ethnographic study in a drug treatment wing for women in a Danish prison, the authors explore how femininity is negotiated between prisoners and staff. It is shown how the staff view the prisoners as both passive and disruptive and how the treatment aims to teach them what

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“Do You Want to Go Forward or Do You Want to Go Under?” Men’s Mental Health in and Out of Prison – 2018

More than 11 million people are currently imprisoned worldwide, with the vast majority of incarcerated individuals being male. Hypermasculine environments in prison are often tied to men’s health risks, and gathering information about mental health is fundamental to improving prison as well as community services. The purpose of the current

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“It’s Not Like Therapy”: Patient-Inmate Perspectives on Jail Psychiatric Services – 2018-03

Jails may serve an important public health function by treating individuals with psychiatric problems. However, scholars debate the service qualities that can best achieve this aim. Some suggest the possibility of comprehensive psychiatric services in jails, while others recommend a narrower focus on basic elements of care (assessments, medication management,

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“Reversing the trend”: The role of mentoring in offender reentry – 2018-01

Faith-based programs are becoming more common in corrections, with most research examining offenders. Little attention has been paid to volunteers who work with offenders within these programs. In this project, 40 mentors who volunteered with a faith-based diversion and reentry program in southwestern Indiana were interviewed. Mentors revealed strong desires

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“The Pill Line Is Longer Than the Chow Line”: The Impact of Incarceration on Prisoners and Their Families – 2018

Incarceration removes individuals from their families and their communities, increasing the potential for disrupted relationships, community fragmentation, and burden on service systems. Based on focus groups with 38 male and 39 female inmates and interviews with 21 family members, this study identifies specific impacts of incarceration on prisoners and their

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“They’re just made up different”: Juvenile correctional staff perceptions of incarcerated boys and girls [2018]

Highlights•Juvenile correctional staff characterize incarcerated boys and girls differently. •Boys were described as reticent to open up while girls were seen as eager to talk. •Unlike boys, staff felt girls actively engaged with and sought attention from them. •Girls were viewed as responding more forcefully to conflicts with staff than

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“We all Come Together to Learn About Music”: A Qualitative Analysis of a 5-Year Music Program in a Juvenile Detention Facility [2018]

The purpose of this long-term qualitative study was to uncover evidence that might support components of positive youth development (PYD) in a music composition program at an urban youth detention center. The constructs of PYD come from self-determination theory—competence, autonomy, and relatedness—and formed the theoretical lens from which the data

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A comprehensive examination of the psychometric properties of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised in a Canadian multisite sample of indigenous and non-indigenous offenders – 2018

The present study examined the psychometric properties of Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) scores in a multisite sample of 1,163 federally incarcerated Canadian indigenous and non-indigenous offenders from the Prairie Region of the Correctional Service of Canada. The research occurred against the backdrop of the Ewert v. Canada (2015)

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A Gender-Responsive Treatment Facility in Correctional Services: The Development of Psychological Gymnasium for Women Offenders – 2016

With increasing evidence suggesting a disparity in female and male offenders in terms of rehabilitative needs, growing concern has been placed on the development of gender-specific services for female offenders. As such, a prison-based psychological gymnasium (PSY GYM), with distinctive features in integrating cognitive-behavioral and positive-psychology concepts to address female

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A More Nordic Norway? Examining Prisons in 21st Century Iceland – 2018

This article seeks to examine the exact status of Iceland in light of the Nordic penal exceptionalism thesis. This thesis considers that punishment in the Nordic countries is fundamentally more benign than that in Anglophone countries (Pratt 2008a, 2008b). Yet from this perspective the remote Nordic country of Iceland remains

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A novel care pathway for prisoners with intellectual disability designed through a Delphi process [2018]

Purpose Individuals with an intellectual disability form a significant minority in the Irish prison population and worldwide prison populations. There is growing recognition that specialist services for such individuals are in need of development. In this paper, we propose a care pathway for the management of individuals with an intellectual

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A novel care pathway for prisoners with intellectual disability designed through a Delphi process [2018]

Purpose Individuals with an intellectual disability (ID) form a significant minority in the Irish prison population and worldwide prison populations. There is growing recognition that specialist services for such individuals are in need of development. The purpose of this paper is to propose a care pathway for the management of

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A prison-model of CoSA: the potential to offer “through the gate” support and accountability [2018]

Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA) are an intervention used to support and enable those who have been convicted of a sexual offence (core member), to reintegrate back into society, whilst still holding them accountable for their behaviour (Cesaroni, 2002). The purpose of this study was to introduce a new

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A Randomized Controlled Trial Exploring the Effects of Brief Anger Management on Community-Based Offenders in Malta [2016]

The aim of this article is to examine the effects of a short-term one-to-one anger management program delivered to community-based offenders in Malta. The program delivered was the Individual Managing Anger Program (I-MAP), a Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based anger management intervention developed as an EU project. A randomized

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A randomized, open label trial of methadone continuation versus forced withdrawal in a combined US prison and jail: Findings at 12 months post-release – 2018-03

Highlights • MMT during incarceration leads to lower injection drug and heroin use. • MMT during incarceration leads to fewer non-fatal overdoses. • MMT during incarceration leads to higher rates of engagement in treatment. Abstract Recently, incarcerated individuals are at increased risk of opioid overdose. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is

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A Review of Questionnaire Measures for Assessing the Social Climate in Prisons and Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals [2015]

Significant time and resources are devoted to the monitoring of social climate in secure settings. However, if these efforts are to help (rather than hinder) attempts to improve the functioning of such units, the monitoring of social climate must be based on sound psychometric methods. The aim of this review

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A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Within Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Settings Worldwide – 2018

Cognitive-behavioral programs which are structured, skills-based, and risk-focused have been found to reduce recidivism rates by up to 55%. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) exemplifies all of these components, and has been rapidly adapted and implemented in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities worldwide to reduce recidivism. Regrettably, the widespread implementation of

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A Year Without a Conviction: An Integrated Examination of Potential Mechanisms for Successful Reentry in High-Risk Violent Prisoners – 2018

Some high-risk prisoners on parole “beat the odds”: remaining in the community through their first year without incurring even minor reconvictions. What makes the difference? We investigated three potential mechanisms for postrelease survival—lower dynamic risk, greater readiness for parole, and earlier and longer parole oversight—in two samples: 120 men who

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Acceptability of prison-based take-home naloxone programmes among a cohort of incarcerated men with a history of regular injecting drug use [2018]

Background Take-home naloxone (THN) programmes are an evidence-based opioid overdose prevention initiative. Elevated opioid overdose risk following prison release means release from custody provides an ideal opportunity for THN initiatives. However, whether Australian prisoners would utilise such programmes is unknown. We examined the acceptability of THN in a cohort of

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Accuracy and predictive value of incarcerated adults’ accounts of their self-harm histories: findings from an Australian prospective data linkage study [2017]

Background: Self-harm is prevalent in prison populations and is a well-established risk factor for suicide. Researchers typically rely on self-report to measure self-harm, yet the accuracy and predictive value of self-report in prison populations is unclear. Using a large, representative sample of incarcerated men and women, we aimed to examine

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Addressing excess risk of overdose among recently incarcerated people in the USA: harm reduction interventions in correctional settings [2017]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss overdose among those with criminal justice experience and recommend harm reduction strategies to lessen overdose risk among this vulnerable population. Design/methodology/approach Strategies are needed to reduce overdose deaths among those with recent incarceration. Jails and prisons are at the epicenter of

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